XXXI. Other operating costs

XXXI. Other operating costs

The new consolidated entities contributed €51,792k, including €12,101k for "Costs of materials and services" and €210k for "Other operating costs".

At constant exchange rates, the increase would have been €112,005k.

"Sundry materials" refer to the purchase of inexpensive equipment and to various consumables such as uniforms, office supplies, and advertising materials.

The item "Other services" includes miscellaneous items such as medical check-ups, public relations, general services, and personnel recruitment and training.